December 19 , 2018 | 7:37 am PST
Current reservoir level

Project Consultants

Teck American, with the oversight and approval of the EPA, has assembled an experienced team of environmental scientists and engineers who will conduct studies of the Upper Columbia River. These experts are responsible for completing the expanded studies. They will design and implement field sampling and analytical programs that will help them evaluate the nature and extent of contamination, determine the presence of unacceptable risks and decide what actions may be necessary to alleviate the risks. Combined, the technical team of experts and professionals has over 150 years of experience in these kinds of studies and assessing risks associated with potential contaminants to human health and the environment.

Some of the key individuals are introduced in the following pages, however they are part of a large team of qualified people dedicated to completing this project.


Windward Environmental


Dr. John Toll

Partner at Windward, Dr. Toll built his practice on the conviction that multi-disciplinary technical expertise – in the social and decision sciences and the natural sciences – plus meaningful engagement with stakeholders is essential for solving environmental problems. Dr. Toll is recognized for his work in ecological modeling and risk assessment as well as environmental decision analysis.

Robert (Bob) C. Santore

Environmental Scientist at Windward with over 20 years of experience. Mr. Santore brings experience in environmental and aquatic chemistry, regulatory issues, site-specific criteria, water quality and chemical modeling. His recent work has focused on the development of mechanistic models to explain and predict the bioavailability and toxicity of metals int the environment; including development of the Biotic Ligand Model (BLM).



Dr. Anne Fairbrother

Senior ecotoxicologist and veterinarian at Exponent, Dr. Fairbrother provides expertise on risk assessment for metals, pesticides, and industrial chemicals.. She specializes in ecotoxicology, wildlife toxicology, contaminated site assessment, and regulatory science for existing and emerging chemicals in the U.S. and Europe.

Dr. Nicholas Gard

Managing Scientist at Exponent Dr. Gard is experienced in quantifying risks and damages to ecological systems from a wide range of chemical and environmental stressors, as well as identifying suitable mitigation approaches or ecological restoration opportunities. He brings his expertise in environmental evaluation for a number of industrial activities, particularly in the ecotoxicological effects of PCBs, dioxins, heavy metals like mercury and lead, and pesticides. 


HDR, Inc. 


Paul R. Paquin

Principal at HDR, Inc. specializing in the use of computer models to describe the movement and distribution of chemicals in the water and sediments of rivers and lakes. He supervises and provides technical expertise on water quality modeling of the Upper Columbia River.

Dr. Mark Velleux

Senior Project Manager at HDR, specializing in model development and application. Dr. Velleux leads the hydraulic, sediment transport, and chemical transport modeling activities.


Cardwell Consulting LLC

Dr. Rick Cardwell

Senior aquatic ecotoxicologist and risk assessor at Cardwell Consulting LLC. He oversees technical aspects of the expanded studies and participates in planning and agency meetings. Dr. Cardwell studies the effects of mine and smelter wastes on aquatic life, and assesses food chain risks.




Dr. Rosalind A. Schoof

Principal at Ramboll-Environ and a board-certified toxicologist. Dr. Schoof supervises and assists in the coordination of the human health risk assessment. She directs evaluations of risk exposure levels, and assessments of exposure to chemicals in the environment.



Dr. John P. Giesy

Senior consultant with Cardno ENTRIX and is a Professor and Canada Research Chair in Environmental Toxicology within the Department of Biomedical Sciences at the University of Saskatchewan (U of S). He provides technical guidance on the ecological risk assessment component of the expanded studies.

Dr. Markus Hecker

Project Scientist with Cardno Entrix and Adjunct Professor at the U of S.  He is expertise is in development, validation and application of novel bioanalytical techniques; endocrine disruption and reproductive toxicology in oviparous vertebrates; ecotoxicological risk assessment of persistent organic compounds, pesticides and metals in vertebrates.




Dr. John P. Giesy � Senior consultant with ENTRIX, Inc. and is a Professor and Canada Research Chair in Environmental Toxicology within the Department of Biomedical Sciences at the University of Saskatchewan. He provides technical guidance on the ecological risk assessment component of the expanded studies. He is an expert in assessing the impacts of industrial and agricultural chemicals, and contaminated sediments.